Since its inception, Michigan’s Children has focused on children’s well-being from cradle-to-career – a concept that aligns with Governor Snyder’s P-20 education continuum. With Executive support for this continuum; as a state, Michigan must put its money where its mouth is. While the state has made efforts to support preschool-aged children through the Great Start Readiness Program, the state’s half-day preschool program for four-year-olds at-risk of school failure, we have failed as a state to provide consistent support for Michigan’s youngest learners – those three years of age and younger.
It is well documented that the first 1000 days of life are critical for the healthy development of young children – a time when the brain is developing rapidly and early literacy and foundations for lifelong success can be solidified. More importantly, the first three years of life are critical to prevent large racial, ethnic, and economic-related disparities that begin to emerge as young as nine months of age and continue to grow throughout life. Disparities in child outcomes, particularly educational disparities, have huge consequences such as:
- kindergarten teachers needing to spend more time with students who aren’t ready for school;
- students repeating grades in K-12;
- more students needing access to special education services;
- disparities in on-time graduation rates; and
- disparities in college and career readiness.
These outcomes combined will in the long run, take a toll on the state’s economy as we will not have a workforce prepared to take jobs of the future. Long-term disparities in educational success and their economic, social and fiscal consequences are profound. However, taking advantage of the first three years of life by supporting families with young children to be their child’s first and best teachers can help reduce future taxpayer burdens associated with disparate child outcomes.
Michigan’s Children’s key priorities for the fiscal year 2013 budget are to improve educational outcomes and close equity gaps. Creating a sustainable funding stream for children from birth through age three would provide the foundation for that improvement. High quality supports for infants, toddlers and their families can help reduce and prevent equity gaps directly linked to the Governor’s Dashboard including infant mortality, child poverty, 3rd grade reading, and college readiness.
The State of Michigan used to support families with young children through the 0 to 3 Secondary Prevention Program. 0 to 3 Secondary Prevention supported community-based collaborative programs that fostered positive parenting skills, improved parent-child interactions, promoted access to needed community services, increased local capacity to serve families with young children, improved school readiness, and supported healthy environments. It’s funding peaked at $7.75 million in 2001 before complete elimination in last year’s budget debates. It is critical that Michigan reinvest in young children from birth through age three by creating a consistent source of funding for infants, toddlers and their families to truly realize the P-20 education continuum.
Check out Michigan’s Children’s website to learn more about our early childhood priorities.